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(Не)подлинное бытие в творчестве А. Платонова. (на материалах повести «Сокровенный человек» и рассказов «Фро» и «Река Потудань»)

Руслан Ляпин (Ruslan Sergeevich Lyapin)

Pages 271 - 285


(In)authentic being in the work of A. Platonov. (based on the stories “The Innermost Man”, “Fro”, and “The River Potudan’”)

In this article, based on the stories “The Innermost Man” (1927), “Fro” (1936), and “The River Potudan’” (1937), the ideological and artistic originality of A. Platonov’s work is interpreted from the position of M. Heidegger’s philosophical concept of authentic and inauthentic existence. Authentic and inauthentic modes of Heidegger’s existentials being-in-the-world, being-with, and being-toward-death are highlighted in the stories, which are compared with each other on the basis of their belonging to different creative periods: “initial” and “humble prose”. It is shown that the existential of being-in-the-world is presented in an inauthentic mode both in the “humble prose” and in the “initial” period by the motif of indifference and by the heroes’ concern for the “common life” (“The Innermost Man”, “Fro”) and substitute-subordinating care (“The River Potudan’”); the existential of the inauthentic way of existence of being-with; the loss of oneself, “preoccupied with the middle” of the society of others in “The River Potudan’” and “The Secret Man” is an inevitable consequence of caring for a “common life” and caring for another; the existential of being-toward-death in “The Secret Man” is “lived through” by the heroes in the dialectical unity of the genuine and inauthentic modes of existence, and in “The Potudan River” it is presented mainly in the “own” way as their most inherent possibility of presence.

The article is written in Russian.


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